(1) N. Cobb and R. A. Etzel JAMA, August 7, 1991, Vol. 266, No.5 pages 659-663
(2) Paul Heckerling, American Journal of Emergency Medicine Volume 5, Number 3, May 1987
(3) Michael C. Dolan, M.D. published paper in the Annals of Emergency Medicine 16.7 July 1987, pages 782-787
(4) Michael Dolan, MD, Canadian Med Assoc. Journal, Vol 133, September I, 1985
(5) Michael Dolan, MD, Annuals of Emergency Medicine, 1987, 16, 782-786
(6) T. L. Kurt et al., Chest. 74, 1, July 1978
(7) E. N. Allred et al. New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 321 No. 11, Nov. 23, 1989 Pages 1426-1432. (8)
[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 19 (Friday, January 29, 2010)] EPA, Integrated Science Assessment for Carbon Monoxide (Final Report) The EPA 2010for CO has gathered specific data on the very low-level cumulative effects of second-hand smoke.
(9) Lara A. Gundel, Michael G. Apte and Albert R. Nematollahi, Carbon Monoxide Detector; “Technology Comparison: Report to Various Gases” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Report LBNL-40556 July 1998
(10) Graph from Underwriters Laboratory Standard UL2034. This UL 2034 standard is available from UL for a fee.
(11) W. G. Berl and B. M. Halpin, Fire Journal, September 1978 pages 105 to 123.
(12) Sebastian Moffet, “Backdrafting Woes”, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Progressive Builder, November 1986.
(13) Hampson NB, Norkool DM. Carbon monoxide poisoning in children riding in the back of pickup trucks. JAMA 1992; 267:538 40.
(14) CDC. Carbon monoxide poisonings associated with snow-obstructed vehicle exhaust systems -- Philadelphia and New York City, January 1996. MMWR 1996;45:1.
(15) Moolenaar RL, Etzel RA, Parrish RG. Unintentional deaths from carbon monoxide poisoning in New Mexico, 1980 to 1988: a comparison of medical examiner and national mortality data. West J Med 1995; 163:431 4.
(16) Cook M, Simon PA, Hoffman RE. Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Colorado, 1986 through 1991. Am J Public Health 1995;85:988 90.
(17) Baron RC, Backer RC, Sopher IM. Unintentional deaths from carbon monoxide in motor vehicle exhaust: West Virginia. Am J Public Health 1989;79:328 30.
(18) COSHA Report: The Cost of Unintentional Deaths and Injuries from Carbon Monoxide Poisonings in the USA, La Jolla, California, The Carbon Monoxide Safety and Health Association, 1997.
(19) Baker SP, O'Neill B, Ginsburg MJ, Li G. The Injury Factbook. 2nd Edition New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
(20) Ilano AL, Raffin TA., Management of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning. Chest, 1990; 97:165 9.
(21) CDC. Unintentional Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Following a Winter Storm, Washington, January 1993. MMWR 1993;42:109 11.
(22) Ed Krenzelok, PharmD. Krenzelok is currently the Director of the Pittsburgh Poison Center at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and the Director of the Schools of Pharmacy & Medicine, University of Pittsburgh (July2000 private communication).
(23) “Air Quality Criteria for Carbon Monoxide” June 2000 (EPA 600/P-99/001F).
(24) William B. Helfman, MD, Lara A. Gundel and, Michael G. Apte, "CO Detectors How Selective Are They?” Security Magazine September 1997.
(25) COSHA Report: The Cost of Unintentional Deaths and Injuries from Carbon Monoxide Poisonings in the USA, La Jolla, California, Carbon Monoxide Safety
and Health Association, 1997.
(26) “Air Quality Criteria for Carbon Monoxide” June 2000 (EPA 600/P- 99/001F).
(27) GRI (GTI) CO Alarm Reliability: Field Experiments, Laboratory Testing and Certification Standards, Presented at 2001 ASHRAE Winter Meeting, Atlanta, GA.