Skip directly to content

It's The Law

U. S. Carbon Monoxide Legislation

(current as of May, 2014)

 

State:Effective Date:Bill/Code I.D.Applies To:
AlabamaOctober 1, 2012
 Alabama Energy and Residential Codes 
(AERC) Board voted to adopt the 2009 
International Residential Code (IRC)
Detached one- and two-family dwellings and 
townhouses not more than three stories.
AlaskaJanuary 1, 2005Chapter No. 60, SLA 2004 House Bill 351 (JUD) AS 18.70.095New and existing dwellings.
ArkansasJanuary 1, 2012HB 1385, Act 146New dwellings.
CaliforniaJanuary 1, 2011Section R315 of the 2010 edition California
Residential Code (CRC)
New one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than 3 stories. Where work requiring a permit occurs in existing dwellings 
January 1, 2011Section 420 of the 2010 edition California
Building Code (CBC)
New commercial buildings (Group I-1, R-1, R-2 and R-3) . Where a permit is required for alterations, repairs or additions exceeding $1,000 
Existing single-family homes – July 1, 2011
Existing multi-family leased or rental dwellings – January 1, 2013
 
 
January 1, 2016
Senate Bill (SB) 183: Carbon Monoxide 
Poisoning Prevention Act
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Single-family homes , 
Multi-family, leased or rental dwelling
 
 
 
All existing hotels and motels are required to install CO detection.
 
 
ColoradoJuly 1, 2009House Bill 09-1091New and existing dwellings.

Connecticut

October 1, 2005

January 1, 2012

Public Act No. 05-161

House Bill No. 5326. Public Act No. 11-248

New dwellings.

House Bill: Newly constructed or existing public or non-public school buildings.

Florida509.211: July 1, 2007
553.885: July 1, 2008
Fla. Stat. §509.211
Fla. Stat. §553.885
509.211: New commercial buildings 
Georgia

January 1, 2009

Georgia State Amendments to the International
Residential Code (IRC) for One- and Two- Family
Dwellings (2006 Edition); Section R313.

New one-and two-family homes and town homes (dwellings) of three stories or less.

Idaho

January 1, 2011

Idaho Administrative Code IDAPA 07.03.01

Detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories within which fuel-fired appliances are installed and in dwelling units with attached garages.

Illinois

January 1, 2007

Public Act 094-0741
House Bill 5284

New and existing single- and multi-family dwellings with a fuel-burning appliance. Dwellings without a fuel-burning appliance or an attached garage are not required to have a CO detector.

Iowa

January 1, 2010

661-301.8 (103A)

Detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories within which fuel-fired appliances are installed and in dwelling units with attached garages
Kentucky

June 1, 2011

The Kentucky Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction updated the 2007 Residential and Building Code to require CO detection in newly constructed oneand
two-family dwellings, townhomes not more than 3 stories, apartment buildings, dormitories, adult/child care facilities and assisted living facilities which contain a fuel-burning-appliance or an attached garage.

Newly constructed one- and two-family dwellings, townhomes not more than 3
stories, apartment buildings, dormitories, adult/child care facilities and assisted
living facilities which contain a fuel-burning-appliance or an attached garage.
Detector Placement:
Outside of each sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of all bedrooms in the
dwelling

Louisiana January 1, 2012009 International Residential Code (IRC)
Newly constructed one- and two-family dwellings, 
townhomes less than 3 stories

Maine

October 31, 2009

August 1, 2012

Public Law, Chapter 162 LD 550

Public Law, Chapter 553

Single-family dwellings and multi-apartment buildings sold or newly constructed.

New or renovated single family dwelling, hotel, motel, inn or bed and breakfast, fraternity house, sorority house or dormitory that is affiliated with a private or 
public school

Maryland

January 1, 2008

 

October 1, 2012

House Bill 401

 

Senate Bill 173, Chapter 38

New single-and multi-family dwellings and non-
dwellings, including hotels, motels, and dormitories.

 

Newly constructed or substantially remodeled public schools containing a fuel fire appliance

Massachusetts

March 31, 2006
(battery-powered)
January 1, 2007 (hardwired)

Chapter 123 of the Acts of 2005

New and existing single- and multi-family dwellings, boarding houses, hotels, motels, dorms, apartments, and adult and child care facilities.

Michigan

HB 4730: December 23, 2008
HB 5341: March 23, 2009
Act 376: House Bill 4730
Act 377: House Bill 5341
HB 4730: New non-dwelling structures such as boarding houses, hotels, and motels. HB 5341: New and existing single-and multi-family dwellings. 

Minnesota

January 1, 2007 (new dwellings)
August 1, 2009 (existing dwellings)
299F.51New and existing single and multi-family dwellings. 

Montana

October 1, 2009Senate Bill 161New and existing dwellings. 

New Hampshire

January 1, 2010House Bill 120-FN-LocalSingle-family dwellings and multi-apartment buildings substantially rehabilitated or newly constructed. 
New Mexico

Effective Date:
July 1, 2011

Code that applies is the 2009 edition of the International Residential Code (IRC)

Detached one and two family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories with a fuel burning appliance or an attached garage.
Detector Placement Installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms in dwelling units.

New Jersey

April 16, 2003

Chapter 44 amending and supplementing:
Public Law 1975, Chapter 217
Public Law 1999, Chapter 15

Existing single- and two-family homes. 

New York

Effective March 6, 2003

Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code
Section 1225.2 Title 19

One, two and multiple family dwellings that are newly constructed or offered for sale.

Effective December 28, 2010

Residential Code New York State (RCNYS)

Detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories. 

Effective December 28, 2010

Fire Code New York State (FCNYS)

E, I-1, I-2 (except hospitals), I-4, R-1, R-2, R-3 or R-4. Several examples include but are not limited to hotels, apartment buildings, dormitories, adult/child care facilities, assisted living facilities, alcohol/drug centers, convalescent facilities and daycare facilities.

North Carolina

January 1, 2010

 

October, 2013

Session Law 2008-219
Senate Bill 1924

North Carolona State Law

Residential rental properties.

 

Hotels, motels, tourist homes, other lodging establishments

North Dakota

January 1, 2011

R315 of the 2009 edition of the International
Residential Code (IRC)

Detached one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories

OhioJan. 1, 2013 Single and up to 3 stories in multiple family

Oklahoma

May 25, 2000

 

July 15, 2011

Oklahoma Administrative Code (OAC) 340:110-3-97

 

State Building Code

Child daycare facilities.

 

New one and two family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories

Oregon

April 1, 2011House Bill 3450

New and existing one, two, and multi-family dwellings, rental dwellings and Group R occupancies (hotels, motel, dormitories and other structures where humans sleep) having a CO source.

PennsylvaniaDecember 31, 2009

2009 I-codes issued by the ICC. See the 2009
IRC Section R315 for more info.

Detached one and two family dwellings and townhouses not more than 3 stories. 
Rhode IslandJanuary 1, 2002

Fire Safety Code General Provisions
23-28.1-2

New and existing dwellings such as (hotels, motels, dormitories, etc.).

South CarolinaJanuary 1, 2011

The South Carolina Building Codes Council
(SCBCC) adopted the 2009 edition of the IRC

New one and two-family dwellings and townhouses not more than 3 stories.

TexasJanuary 1, 2004

Texas Human Resources Code - Section 42.060

Child daycare facilities
Tennessee

June 20, 2006

Tennessee Code Annotated, Sect. 71-3-502

Child daycare facilities.

Utah

July 1, 2008

Utah Administrative Code R156-56-801 (26)Utah Administrative Code R156-56-802 (16

R156-56-801: R2, R3, R4, I1 buildings.
R156-56-802: One and two-family dwellings.

Vermont

July 1, 2005

H. 243 No. 19 Chapter 77

New and existing (upon sale) dwellings and public
buildings where people don’t sleep.

Virginia

March 1, 2011Adopted the 2009 edition of the International Residential Code (IRC).New in detached one and two family dwellings, townhouses (section R315) and Group-R occupancies (section 908.7) such as hotels, dormitories and apartment buildings containing fuel-fired appliances or with attached garages.

Washington

July 1, 2010

 

January 1, 2013

Substitute Senate Bill 5561

 

 

New dwellings (exempts owners from having to install CO alarms in existing homes, except when offered for sale).

 

All existing one- and two-family dwellings, townhomes not more than three, 
stories, hotels, dormitories apartment building

West Virginia

July 1, 1998West Virginia Code Section 29-3-16a

New dwellings with a fuel-burning appliance and existing buildings connected to newly built buildings with a fuel- burning appliance.

WisconsinOctober 1, 2008 (new)
April 1, 2010 (existing)
2007 Wisconsin Act 205Hotels, tourist rooming houses, apartment buildings, dormitories, jails and bed & breakfast (any public building used for lodging). Hospitals and nursing homes are not included.
February 1, 20112009 Wisconsin Act 158One - and two -family dwellings.
Wyoming20122012 International Building Code
Group R occupancies 
(e.g., hotels, motels, dormitories, and dwelling units within apartment buildings)

map_thumbClick the image to go back to the map.

The above information briefly summarizes installation requirements of carbon monoxide detectors for each state listed. Quantum Group Inc. does not take responsibility or assume any liability for the accuracy of the information contained in the summation. For the actual number of carbon monoxide detectors required and appropriate wiring, installation, maintenance, and placement procedures, refer to the respective state code and applicable Underwriters Laboratory (UL) and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards.