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Quantum Group Inc. Newsletter, May, 2012

EXTRA! COSTAR® and Quantum Guardian® brand carbon monoxide alarms and detectors contain biotechnology based sensors made in America!

Quantum manufactures all its biotechnology based carbon monoxide sensors in California (Made in the USA).  Quantum buys many of its components such as microprocessors from US companies.

Quantum CO sensor technology was tested most reliable and false alarm free by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).  These studies showed Quantum’s technology was the most reliable. This technology is in  Quantum Guardian® and COSTAR® brand alarms and detectors  as well as in the Universal Security Inc.’s Model CD9000.

Most importantly the COSTAR® protects you and your loved ones from the odorless, tasteless and invisible gas known as the “silent killer: carbon monoxide (CO).  According to articles in the New England Journal of Medicine and the journal of the American Medical Association, carbon monoxide is the leading cause of poisoning death in North America.   As reported in the New York Times a New York city doctor experienced false alarms with his plug-in CO alarm.  When the next alarm occurred the doctor assumed he had a false alarm.  Therefore the doctor unplugged the CO detector before going out to dinner with his wife.  Then when he came back he was heartbroken to find the dead bodies of their babysitter and 4 children.

New CO Code from NFPA

Code requirements from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) relating to new carbon monoxide (CO) alarm and detector requirements

In the 2012 code edition of NFPA life safety code 101 and Fire Code 1, CO alarms and detectors requirements are specified. The location are specified as outside of each separate sleeping area, in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping rooms and on every level that is occupied, including basements but excluding attics and crawl spaces. 

In my opinion and as stated in all Quantum’s alarm and detector manuals and websites, Quantum believes that each and every sleeping area with a door should have the alarm in the bedroom.  Otherwise if someone closes the door the noise at the sleeping area will not wake up many people and serious injuries or death may occur!  We have argued for this position, but the codes are not quite there yet.

The NFPA 720 covers how to install these alarms and detectors in new construction such as in:

1.) Single and double-family dwellings please see Chapter 24

2.) Hotels, motels and dormitories please see Chapter 28

3.) Apartment buildings is covered in Chapter 30

4.) Other types of lodging, Bed and Breakfast, rooming houses are covered in Chapter 26

5) Child and infant day-care facilities are covered in Chapter 16

It is necessary to have carbon monoxide alarms and/or detectors in all the above occupancies if they contain fuel-burning appliance or when they have an attached garage.

The most important requirement, which changes

Mayor Bloomberg signs legislation requiring all newly installed carbon monoxide alarms to have an audible signal and requiring their replacement upon expiration.

The New York City mayor, Michael R. Bloomberg, signed legislation, which requires all new carbon monoxide alarms to have  audible and visual end-of life signals.  In August of 2009, the Underwriters Laboratory standard UL2034 required all CO alarms made after August of that year to have some sort of visual and audible signals.  Typical those signals can be LED and beeper. An end-of-life signal is dictated by the UL standard as 2 beeps and 2 flashes every thirty seconds. This is a very good idea and should be extended to UL2075 for system CO and smoke detectors.

At a Public Hearing in December 2011 on Local Laws Mayor Bloomberg stated "The first of eight bills before me today is Introductory Number 746, sponsored in conjunction with the Administration by Council Members Dilan, Weprin, Jackson, Mark-Viverito, Lander, Barron, Chin, Crowley, Eugene, Ferreras, Gennaro, Greenfield, Mealy, Palma, Recchia, Rose, Van Bramer, Williams and Halloran.  Introductory Number 746 requires all newly installed carbon monoxide alarms to have an audible signal that alerts residents when they expire and requires the replacement of carbon monoxide alarms upon their expiration.”

Carbon monoxide is an odorless and poisonous gas produced by combustion of fossil-fuels, including, gasoline engines, gas lights, BBQ, wood, natural gas, propane and fuel oil.  Some of these fossil fuels are used in furnaces, water heaters, boilers, and other appliances.

New National ICC Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector and Alarm Requirements

ICC has issued codes in May 2010 for new CO detection requirements. In addition several other model building codes changed to the CO new installation standard.

The new International Fire Code (IFC), International Building Code (IBC) are the result of the International Code Council (ICC) membership approving the new CO requirements at the May 2010 Final Action Hearing. The new CO detector requirements is for new and existing Group-R and Group-I occupancies, such as hotels, dormitories, apartment buildings, hospitals and nursing homes. These requirements will create an enormous system market for CO alarm and CO/smoke, and CO/smoke/heat.  

ASHRAE and ICB codes require CO alarms.

Submitted by lesenochek on Tue, 09/20/2011 - 21:28

After years of opposition from the American Gas Association and others, the ASRAE Supplement to Standard 62.2-2010 requiring carbon monoxide alarms passes.  Section 6.9 of the ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) Standard now requires CO alarms to be installed, located and maintained in accordance with NFPA Standard 720 the standard for the installation of carbon monoxide (CO) detection and warning equipment.  CO alarms must be installed within single-family houses and multi-family structures that are three stories or less.  NFPA 720 allows either CO systems or stand-alone alarms to be installed. This supplement can be found on the ASHRAE website. 

There are 30 states with some form of state legislation and 58 municipalities with ordinances requiring the installation of CO alarms. The requirements in some states include multistory buildings, hotels and apartments such as New York, Vermont, New Jersey and Florida. Other states have only requirements for nursing homes such as Texas and Tennessee.  However, most states require CO alarms in single family homes.

School Gas Leak Leads to Passage of CO Legislation

Submitted by lesenochek on Mon, 09/12/2011 - 10:15

A tragic incident of carbon monoxide poisoning in Waterbury, CT triggered action that led to this historic CO legislation, which increases the CT laws from places where people sleep to places where people work and study. CO Legislation in non-sleeping areas is an important market expansion for CO alarms.  Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy signed HB 5326, Public Act No. 11-248 into law in July 2011.  House Bill 5326 requires all school buildings, newly constructed on or after January 2012, to install carbon monoxide (CO) detectors throughout. This law is important because it shows that carbon monoxide protection is needed in places where people do not sleep such as office, schools and public buildings.  Chicago CO laws also cover schools but there is a need for CO detection everywhere there are smoke alarms today.  In fact, two thirds of all fire deaths are due to CO poisoning and not burns and that percentage is even higher in large buildings.  Of over 600 injuries in the famous MGM Grand fire in Las Vegas only one injury was not from carbon monoxide poisoning.   

This bill is one of the first state laws requiring CO alarms in schools.

Are Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector Regulations Saving Lives? Data to Quell the Controversy

Submitted by lesenochek on Mon, 05/23/2011 - 00:54

Are Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detector Regulations Saving Lives? Data to Quell the Controversy

By Mark K. Goldstein, Ph.D.

The data presented below show that Carbon monoxide (CO) alarms are proven to save lives. Regulations to require CO detectors can help prevent death and injuries, and they make sense economically. As long as we continue to use fossil fuels, we will continue to have CO accidents of various types.  Although increased awareness and improved technology has reduced fatalities, CO poisoning continues to be the leading cause of poisoning death (1).  Widespread, CO injuries and health effects are major causes of suffering and economic loss (1-15). 

A look at the evidence of some sample studies indicated the widespread nature of CO health impacts.  Michael Dolan at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, found that 23.6% of those diagnosed by emergency room doctors with the flu actually had CO poisoning (16).  Dr. Paul Heckerling, University of Illinois hospital in Chicago, found 15% of those with headaches had CO poisoning (17).  According to Cobb and Etzel, of the CDC, 56,133 CO fatalities occurred over a 10-year period from 1979 to 1988.  About 15,000 deaths were fire related, 11,547 motor vehicle related and 5,000 residential appliance related (1). Dr.

COSTAR® Newsletter April 30, 2011

Submitted by lesenochek on Thu, 05/12/2011 - 07:12

EXTRA! COSTAR® sensors are made in America

Quantum manufactures all its carbon monoxide sensors in San Diego, California (Made in the USA).  Support American companies.  We purchase many materials from companies in CA and throughout the USA.

The first and only CO sensor technology tested false alarm free to protect you and your loved ones from the silent killer: carbon monoxide (CO).  According to an article in the New England Journal of Medicine carbon monoxide is the leading cause of poisoning death in North America. According to Dr. Mark Goldstein, a leading expert on carbon monoxide, a New York City doctor had a false alarm with his plug in carbon monoxide alarm.  Then another alarm occurred.  He unplugged the alarm and went to dinner with his wife.  When he returned his babysitter and 4 children were dead.  The Gas Research Institute studied false alarm behavior about ten years ago.  They found that 60 to 70 percent of those who had one false alarm will ignore the next alarm.  Do not be a statistic buy the only false alarm free technology. This technology is in all COSTAR® and Quantum Guardian® brands and in Universal Security Inc.  Model CD9000.

News about the NEW Micro SIR Solid State Infrared Sensor 

Visit our booth in Dec. 2011 at the RVIA Show and next April at the ® Expos and ISC WEST SHOW

Current Research and Development Activity

Our alarms can be purchased online ( or by calling

CA, CO, ID, OR, MT and other states pass laws to prevent carbon monoxide deaths


Submitted by lesenochek on Sun, 04/10/2011 - 19:59

San Diego, CA  –  Thanks to new state laws in the Western USA, homes and structures with a room used for sleeping must have a carbon monoxide (CO) alarm installed within 15 feet of each bedroom.  There are now over thirty five (35) states that have passed some form of legislation to prevent CO deaths.

Carbon monoxide is the number one cause of accidental poisoning death in America. Carbon monoxide cannot be detected by sight, smell, taste or hearing, yet everyone is at risk because it is emitted by anything that burns fuel. Carbon monoxide can come from faulty, disconnected or improperly installed venting systems, clogged chimneys, fuel burning appliances like water heaters, stoves, ovens, clothes dryers, or a car left running in an attached garage.  In addition, CO causes about 60 to 70% of all fire deaths.  Most people died from CO before the fire burns them.

In past years, many people have wisely purchased carbon monoxide detectors for their homes. But because common household cleaning products and laundry detergents contain ingredients that often falsely activated many existing alarm technologies, frustrated consumers frequently disconnected these alarms.  Now, a proven false-alarm free carbon monoxide alarm has been developed and marketed by Quantum Group Inc.

The Quantum Guardian® Carbon Monoxide Alarm utilizes a solid-state infrared design.